Here is the quiz for the fourth section covering 3.1 to 3.116, which marks the end of Book Four. If you wish to take the previous quizzes again, you can do so at the following links:
The History of the Peloponnesian War 1.1 to 1.115.
The History of the Peloponnesian War 1.116 to 2.46.
The History of the Peloponnesian War 2.47 to 2.103.
I notice that this study appears to have become something of a Bataan-style march, with people dropping out at an increasing rate as we slog forward into Book Four. (Which, by the way, is the reading for next week.) And yet, we will persist and we will finish, even if the only ones left standing at the end are me, Wendy and Wheeler. By the way, lest you think that the resident Spartan-lover is the only admirer of that city, consider this anecdote apparently comes from Xenophon:
An elderly man was trying to find a place to sit and observe the Olympic Games, as he went to each section. All the other Greeks laughed as he tried to make his way through. Some ignored him. Upon entering the Spartan section all the Spartans stood and offered the elderly man their seats. Suddenly the entire stadium applauded. All the Greeks knew what was the right thing to do, but the Spartans were the only ones who did it.
Occam’s Razor suggests that the Spartans were widely admired for the very simple reason that they were admirable, their brutal society’s shortcomings notwithstanding. The wordsmiths of Athens ensured that their city would be remembered; the fact that we remember the Spartans despite their historical silence is testimony to their intrinsic noteworthiness.